Tag Archives: motorcycle

What is Catastrophic Impairment?

Written By: Dale Orlando and Emma Pedota, Summer Student

Catastrophic Injury Lawyers

No-fault auto insurance benefits in Ontario are set out in the Statutory Accident Benefits Schedule (“SABS”) which creates three categories of injuries that determine how much money will be available to an individual after being injured in an auto incident. The first category is the Minor Injury Guideline (MIG). An individual will be classified under MIG if they experience whiplash-related injuries, muscular strains/sprains, contusions, and/or lacerations.[1] Individuals who fall under MIG are entitled to $3,500 for their medical-rehabilitation needs.

An individual who does not fall into the MIG will be classified as non-catastrophic (non-CAT) which typically provides up to $65,000 of medical-rehabilitation and attendant care funding, for up to five years.

If an individual has sustained more serious injuries than those outlined under the MIG and non-CAT designation, they may meet the description of catastrophic impairment (CAT). To be found catastrophically impaired, an individual must meet one of the several criteria set out in the legislation. When classified as such by your insurer, the injured person has access to one million dollars over their lifetime for medical benefits, rehabilitation benefits, and attendant care benefits.

The SABS defines catastrophic impairment as one of the following:

  • Paraplegia or tetraplegia
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Blindness or a loss of vision of both eyes
  • Amputation or severe impairment of the ability to move or use one arm or to walk independently
  • Physical impairment or a combination of physical impairment that results in 55 percent whole person impairment
  • Severe mental/behavioral disorder in three or more areas of function

It is important to note that the designation of a catastrophic injury is different for children than for adults with regard to brain injuries. This is because a brain injury in children may not be immediately apparent. For other injuries, including spinal injuries, blindness, loss of limbs, etc., children are evaluated for a catastrophic injury in the same way as adults.

Causes of Catastrophic Injuries

Catastrophic injuries can be caused by a variety of factors. Some of the most common causes of catastrophic injuries are:

Changes in Ontario Law

Recent changes to Ontario law have made it more difficult for individuals to recover compensation after suffering a catastrophic injury. For example, the previous regime allowed victims to receive up to $1 million in medical and rehabilitation benefits and up to $1 million in attendant care benefits. The current regime has reduced these benefits to allows individuals to receive up to $1 million for medical, rehabilitation, and attendant care benefits.

Tort Action Against a Negligent Party

In addition to receiving benefits from your own insurer, an individual who has been seriously injured as a result of a motor vehicle incident is entitled to sue the negligent party for damages. The tort system is designed to put the innocent injured party in the financial position that he or she would have been if the injury had not occurred. Some of the heads of damages in a tort action include:

  • Loss of past income
  • Loss of future income
  • Cost of attendant care and future care
  • Housekeeping and home maintenance
  • Special damages
  • General damages for pain and suffering and loss of enjoyment of life

In Ontario, there are caps on damage awards that may limit a catastrophically impaired individual’s recovery. For example, there is a limit on damages for pain and suffering, which is capped at about $370,000 as of 2020, subject to inflation each year. However, damages for income loss and future cost of care do not have a cap.

If you or a loved one have been catastrophically injured, or if your pursuit of catastrophic designation has been denied by your insurer, call McLeish Orlando for a free consultation.


[1] Najma Rashid, What is Catastrophic Impairment, online: Ontario Trial Lawyers Association Blog < https://otlablog.com/what-is-a-catastrophic-impairment/>.

Motorcycle Collisions – How Riders Can Stay Safe This Summer

Written By: Salvatore Shaw and Danny Garas, Summer Student

Motorcycle Collisions – How Riders Can Stay Safe This Summer

As the weather in Toronto begins to warm up, we begin to see more and more motorcycles on our roads and highways.

In 2005, 56% of motorcycle collisions in the U.S. occurred on urban roadways.[1] These numbers are likely comparable in Canada.

In 2013, the Globe and Mail reported that motorcyclists are “at least 15 times more likely to be involved in a crash than automobile drivers.”[2]

In November of 2017, the Toronto Sun also reported a frightening statistic – “motorcycles account for about 10% of motor vehicle deaths while making up only 2% of traffic on the roads.”[3] Even more worrisome is that injuries from motorcycle collisions are “10 times as severe as those resulting from collisions involving cars.”[4]


Protect Yourself

In Ontario, helmets are mandatory.[5] The reason is that helmets lower the likelihood of a rider suffering a concussion or critical head or neck injury.

Riders want to make sure that they wear a proper-fitted helmet at all times when riding.

Sizing of your helmet will vary depending on the brand.[6] After measuring your head for a properly-sized helmet, you will notice that the first time you wear your helmet it will be slightly tight.[7] This is normal, as long as it is not causing you any pain. After wearing the helmet for 30 minutes and experiencing no issues, you’re ready to ride![8]

Helmet lifespan: most people recommend that used helmets be replaced every five years (or seven years from production)[9], assuming the helmet has not degraded in the sunlight. Of course, if the helmet has either been dropped or impacted in a previous fall/accident, the lifespan of the helmet will be shorter.

Helmet requirements can be found under regulation 610 of the HTA.[10] There are very limited exceptions.

Optimize Visibility

Riders must equip their motorcycle with at least two lights – a white light on the front and a red light on the back of the motorcycle.[11] Motorcycles with a sidecar must carry three lights: two on the front and one on the back.[12]

When riding, it is recommended that you wear “light and bright colored outerwear.”[13] Riders should refrain from wearing darker colours such as dark purple, grey, and black.

It’s not just about what you’re wearing, the colour of the motorcycle is also important! Researchers from the University of Kentucky, for example, determined that of all collisions where a driver collided with a rider due to failure to observe the motorcyclist, 36% of those motorcycles were black.[14]

In addition, the Ministry of Transportation recommends improving visibility by adding reflective tape to your helmet, clothing, and motorcycle.[15] This is especially helpful if riding at night!

Other Tips for Riders

  • Check the weather before going out.
  • On roads where there are more than two lanes, it is always recommended to pass motorists on the left side. The Ontario Ministry of Transportation warns that “passing on the right can be more dangerous.”[16]Part of the reason is that when passing on the left side, you are on the driver’s side (meaning a higher chance that they see you in their blind spot).
  • When riding a motorcycle, “lane sharing, splitting and filtering are prohibited[17]…because it’s dangerous.

On roads where there are more than two lanes, it is always recommended to pass motorists on the left side

·        When riding in groups, maintain a good amount of distance between each rider.[19]

When riding in groups, maintain a good amount of distance between each rider.[20]

  • Avoid riding too close to motorists or riding in their blind spots.

Avoid riding too close to motorists or riding in their blind spots.

  • Avoid riding on gravel roads or roads that are in poor conditions and bumpy. Drivers can more easily stabilize their vehicle after hitting a bump in the road, the same cannot be said for riders!


Share the Road

For some reason, motorists seem to get nervous when they spot a motorcyclist. Drivers need to remember that if a collision takes place between them and a motorcyclist, the rider is more likely to be injured. For this reason, extra caution must be displayed when driving around motorcyclists.

Treat motorcycles as other vehicles; they have a right to the full lane.[22] They brake faster than cars because they are smaller and lighter, so don’t tailgate![23]

Dooring: Be careful when opening the door on the driver’s side. It won’t be fun for a rider if they unexpectedly come into contact with your vehicle door.

Drive Safely

Don’t drive while distracted. Since motorcycles are much smaller than other vehicles, they are much harder to see. Don’t be glancing down at your phone or driving distracted, because this will decrease your likelihood of seeing a motorcyclist and impair your ability to react.

Check your blind spots whenever you are changing lanes or completing a turn.


Sometimes, even the most cautious riders may be involved in a collision.

If you or a loved one has been seriously injured in a motorcycle collision, please contact one of the critical injury lawyers at McLeish Orlando LLP for a free consultation.

[1] Fatal Two-Vehicle Motorcycle Crashes, U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, September 2007, https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/810834 [PDF].

[2] Why I don’t ride motorcycles – as much – any more, the Globe and Mail, June 27, 2013, https://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-drive/culture/commuting/why-i-dont-ride-motorcycles-as-much-any-more/article12834643/.

[3] Motorcycles are more dangerous than ever: Ontario study, Toronto Sun, November 20, 2017, https://torontosun.com/news/provincial/motorcycles-are-more-dangerous-than-ever-ontario-study.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Highway Traffic Act, RSO 1990 c H.8, at section 104 [HTA].

[6] How to Choose the Safest Motorcycle Helmet 2020, supra note 8.

[7] Motorcycle Helmet Size Guide – How to Measure & Fit the Right Helmet, Motosport, June 2, 2021, https://www.motosport.com/blog/motorcycle-helmet-size-guide-how-to-measure-fit-the-right-helmet.

[8] How to size and buy a motorcycle helmet, RevZilla, May 25, 2019, Andy Greaser, https://www.revzilla.com/common-tread/how-to-buy-and-size-a-motorcycle-helmet.

[9] Do Motorcycle Helmets Have an Expiry Date?, New Touring Rider, May 30, 2021, https://newtouringrider.com/do-motorcycle-helmets-have-an-expiry-date/; Lifespan of a Motorcycle Helmet, Crampbuster, May 1, 2017, https://www.crampbuster.com/motorcycle-helmet-lifespan/#:~:text=The%20industry%20standard%20states%20that,it%2C%20time%20to%20trash%20it; How to Choose the Safest Motorcycle Helmet 2020, Motorcycle Legal Foundation, March 24, 2020, https://www.motorcyclelegalfoundation.com/the-safest-motorcycle-helmet-you-can-buy/ [How to Choose the Safest Motorcycle Helmet 2020].

[10] Safety Helmets, RRO 1990, Regulation 610 (under HTA, RSO 1990 c H 8).

[11] HTA, supra note 5 at section 62(2).

[12] Ibid at section 62(3).

[13] Six ways of being visible when riding a motorcycle, KimpexNews, June 1, 2018, https://blog.kimpex.com/six-ways-of-being-visible-when-riding-a-motorcycle.

[14] Causes and Countermeasures Related to Motorcycle Crashes, University of Kentucky: College of Engineering, Kentucky Transportation Centre, March 2011, https://uknowledge.uky.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.ca/&httpsredir=1&article=1028&context=ktc_researchreports [PDF].

[15] Motorcycle Safety, Ministry of Transportation, Ontario, http://www.mto.gov.on.ca/english/safety/motorcycle-safety.shtml [Motorcycle Safety].

[16] The Official Ministry of Transportation (MTO) Driver’s Handbook: Changing Positions, Updated on May 8, 2019, https://www.ontario.ca/document/official-mto-drivers-handbook/changing-positions.

[17] Motorcycle Safety, supra note 15.

[18] Picture taken from Motorcycle Lane Splitting, Motorcycle Legal Foundation, September 30, 2019, https://www.motorcyclelegalfoundation.com/motorcycle-lane-splitting-guidelines/.

[19] Motorcycle Safety, supra note 15.

[20] Picture taken from Group Riding Best Practices, Rider Magazine, Jenny Smith, October 31, 2019, https://ridermagazine.com/2019/10/31/group-riding-best-practices/.

[21] Picture taken from Motorcycle Safety, supra note 15.

[22] Sharing the road with other users, Sharing the road with motorcycles and limited-speed motorcycles, Ministry of Transportation Ontario, Updated on March 20, 2020 https://www.ontario.ca/document/official-mto-drivers-handbook/sharing-road-other-road-users#section-1.

[23] Do Motorcycles Brake Faster Than Cars?, Brake Experts, https://brakeexperts.com/do-motorcycles-brake-faster-than-cars/.

Do I Have to Report My Motorcycle Collision to my Insurance Company?

Written By: Brandon Pedersen and Emma Pedota, Summer Student

Do I Have to Report My Motorcycle Collision to my Insurance Company?

Insured’s Duty to Provide Notice of a Claim

With summer approaching, motorcyclists will be dusting off their bikes and taking to the roads. If you own or operate a motorcycle, here is what you need to know if you are involved in a collision:

For all first-party claims (accident benefits or property damage), you must provide notice to your insurance company within seven days of the collision, regardless of who is at fault.[1] Failing to do so or waiting longer than seven days could put your accident benefits at risk. All that is needed for you to report to your insurer is that you were involved in a collision. You do not need to accept any responsibility for the collision or answer any questions related to fault. Similarly, if you receive notice that an action will be commenced against you, you must provide notice to your insurance company within seven days, or as soon as possible.[2] You will only have five days to provide notice to your insurance company if you learn that the action has already been commenced.[3]

Property Damage Claims

After you submit a notice of property damage claim to your insurance company, your insurer must provide you with documentation to quantify the loss within 60 days, or immediately if requested. Upon submitting this documentation to your insurer, you are required to provide the “fullest information obtainable at the time” with respect to the accident and damage.[4] After receiving your Proof of Loss, your insurer must provide notice within seven days if they intend to repair, rebuild, or replace the damage to your motorcycle. Otherwise, they will have 60 days to pay the claim based on the amount in your Proof of Loss. [5] If your insurer denies your claim, they are obliged to provide prompt notice and explain the reason for the denial.[6]

If there is a disagreement between you and your insurer regarding the value of the damage to your motorcycle, either you or your insurer can request an appraisal pursuant to s. 128 of the Insurance Act.[7] In the event you or your insurer requests an appraisal, you will both need to appoint an appraiser to act as your representation. Your insurer will then appoint a third appraiser, also known as the umpire, to allow for a decision to be made on agreement of two of the three appraisers. Your insurer is required to pay your claim based on the appraisal decision within 15 days.

Accident Benefit Claims

After sending your insurer notice of a potential accident benefits claim within the seven days of the incident, your insurer must provide you an application for accident benefits (OCF-1). This application is to be completed by you within 30 days, or as soon as possible thereafter if you have provided a “good reason” for the delay.[8] The insurer’s timeline for paying you benefits is dependent on the specific accident benefit. As a general rule, all “legitimate” claims should be paid to you within 60 days of your insurance company receiving your Proof of Loss.[9]

Tort Claims

Under Ontario law, you also have the option to claim compensation from the driver at fault by filing a lawsuit, while simultaneously claiming accident benefits from your insurance company within two years from the date of your motorcycle collision to file your lawsuit. Through a tort claim, you are able to claim damages for loss of income, future care cost, loss of amenities, loss of amenities, etc. In the unfortunate event of a rider’s death, their family can file a claim for compensation under the Family Law Act. It is advised that you contact an experienced personal injury lawyer who can help you navigate the claims process and determine if it is in your best interest to file a lawsuit.

In the event of a motorcycle collision, riders can take a few simple steps that can make a big difference in their recovery. McLeish Orlando has the knowledge, skill, and experience to guide you through the claims process and obtain favourable results for clients who have been in a motorcycle collision. Feel free to contact one of the lawyers at McLeish Orlando for a free assessment of your case.


[1] Insurance Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. I.8, s. 258.1; Ontario Automobile Policy (O.A.P 1), s. 1.4.4.

[2] Insurance Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. I.8, s. 258.1.

[3] Insurance Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. I.8, s.259.

[4] Statutory Conditions – Automobile Insurance, O. Reg. 777/93, s.6.

[5] Statutory Conditions – Automobile Insurance, O. Reg. 777/93, s.9.

[6] Ibid.

[7] R.S.O. 1990, c. I.8, s.128.

[8] Ontario Automobile Policy (O.A.P. 1), s. 4.3.1

[9] Ibid, s. 1.6.1

Six Things You Should Do After a Motorcycle Crash | McLeish Orlando

Six Things You Should Do After a Motorcycle Crash

Written By: Patrick Brown and Ryan Marinacci, Student-at-Law

Six Things You Should Do After a Motorcycle Crash | McLeish Orlando

Summer is around the corner and motorcycles are coming out of storage.  Safety should always be the number one priority but crashes do occur, most of the time completely out of a rider’s control.  A rider can be doing everything right: wearing up-to-date safety equipment, obeying the rules of the road, and driving cautiously.  Yet, the rider is still involved in a collision through no fault of his or her own.  The same can be said about driving a car but the difference lies in the seriousness of injuries that an exposed motorcyclist can sustain.

The lawyers at McLeish Orlando understand that motorcyclists face considerably higher risks and are much more vulnerable than individuals driving cars.  Here are six things you should do if you have been in a motorcycle crash:

  1. Call 9-11 and request officers at the scene.
  2. Do not touch your motorcycle and take pictures.
  3. Demand the other driver’s information.
  4. Obtain witness names and contact information.
  5. Seek medical attention.
  6. Consult a lawyer.

First, call 9-11.  Request officers at the scene.  When officers attend the scene, witness statements are taken and more details are recorded.  Ask for the officers’ business cards.  This ensures that the motor vehicle collision report and investigative field notes accurately detail what happened and are easy to obtain.

Second, do not touch your motorcycle.  Take pictures of everything: injuries, property damage, vehicles involved, street signs, road conditions, weather, and lighting.  There is no such thing as too many pictures.  The better the documented property damage and injuries, the better the case.

Third, demand the other driver’s information, including insurance slip, driver’s license, and license plate number.  Do not negotiate.  Information easily gets lost and slips through the cracks in the mayhem after a crash.  Having your own easy access to the other parties’ information will avoid having to rely on the police or the insurance companies to initiate legal action.  This saves time and legal resources.

Fourth, obtain the names and contact information of any witnesses at the scene.  Witnesses with critical information regularly leave the scene before police officers arrive to investigate the crash, often assuming someone else will report what they saw to police.  Obtaining witness names and contact information yourself might avoid losing crucial evidence regarding the circumstances of the collision when individuals who saw the crash leave the scene without speaking to police.

Fifth, seek medical attention as soon as possible after the crash.  Report every single injury and symptom you experience to doctors and nurses.  Be detailed.  Most injuries and symptoms present in the first 48 hours after a collision.  Ensuring that the medical records document all of your injuries and symptoms early on will make it easier to link them to the crash, track your prognosis, and claim compensation.

Sixth, consult a lawyer before talking to insurance companies.  Do not give a recorded statement.  Do not sign anything.  What seems like a harmless detail could seriously hurt a claim down the line.

The importance of hiring the right lawyer after being injured in a motorcycle crash cannot be overstated.  An experienced lawyer will be able to maximize results by combining accident reconstruction with a detailed investigation into the long-term consequences of the injuries, and a robust analysis of economic losses, including lost income and future cost of care.  Grappling with the nuances and paying attention to every single detail are necessary assets.  Being able to persuade an insurance company of the amount it should pay to secure an injured motorcyclist’s future is of critical importance.

Through years of experience in representing injured motorcyclists, the lawyers at McLeish Orlando have developed a well-recognized ability to obtain outstanding results for clients who have been injured in a motorcycle crash.  There is no charge for initial consultations.  Feel free to contact one of the lawyers at McLeish Orlando for an assessment of your case.


J.J. v Jevco Insurance, 2020 CanLII 30393 (ON LAT)

Written By: Joseph A. Cescon and Ryan Marinacci, Law Student

motorcycle accidents lawyers

The Licence Appeal Tribunal has re-affirmed that newly acquired vehicles are automatically covered under existing automobile policies for the first fourteen days after purchase.  This in spite of the insurer’s objections that the applicant subjectively believed his motorcycle not to be insured at the time of the accident and the fact that the insurer did not offer insurance coverage for motorcycles.

In J.J. v Jevco Insurance, 2020 CanLII 30393 (ON LAT), Vice-Chair Flude concluded that the applicant was insured to drive his motorcycle at the time of the accident and not precluded from receiving income replacement benefits, visitor expenses, and housekeeping and home maintenance benefits.  Jevco Insurance had sought to deny these benefits on the basis that the applicant was driving his motorcycle when he knew or ought to have known it was not insured at the time of the accident, relying on s. 31(1)(a) of the Statutory Accident Benefits Schedule, O Reg 34/10.

The applicant’s pick-up truck was insured under a policy with Jevco.  On July 4, 2016, the applicant contacted his broker to inquire about adding coverage for a Harley Davidson.  He acquired the Harley on  July 5, 2016 and continued to follow up with the broker to secure coverage.

On July 16, 2016, the applicant was seriously injured when he was ejected from his motorcycle.  He was later declared catastrophically impaired.

Adjudicator Flude found that the applicant had not advised Jevco that he had purchased the motorcycle, nor did he believe the motorcycle to be insured at the time of the accident.  But that did not matter in the result –the motorcycle was covered under s. 2.2.1 of the Ontario Automobile Policy Owner’s Policy.  Under this Newly Acquired Vehicle provision, coverage under existing policies extends to newly acquired vehicles where the policy covers all automobiles owned by the insured and the insurer is notified of the new vehicle within the first fourteen days after purchase.

Here, the crash had occurred on the eleventh day and there had been no notice to the insurer.

The applicant relied on the lower court and appellate decisions in Hunter Estate v Thomson for the proposition that coverage was automatic for the first fourteen days regardless of notice, and Vice-Chair Flude agreed.

Jevco was unsuccessful in its attempt to distinguish the case based on, among other things, vehicle-type and risk to the insurer.  In essence, Jevco argued, coverage could only extend where the newly acquired vehicle was of a similar type to the one already insured – which it argued the motorcycle was not.  Vice-Chair Flude disagreed, and found that there was no such limitation to the definition of newly acquired vehicles on a plain reading of s. 2.2.1,

[24]        …Section 2.2.1. speaks to newly acquired automobiles.  It does not limit itself to like automobiles or automobiles intended for a similar use.  Had that been the intention of the drafters of the policy, it would have been explicitly stated.  The policy defines the coverage.  Jevco must be understood to have known the risk it was covering and that a newly acquired vehicle might be a motorcycle, notwithstanding that it does not cover motorcycles.

Vice-Chair Flude concluded that the applicant had insurance coverage on the day of the crash and hence was not precluded from receiving the benefits in dispute.

Why does this matter?

Even though an insurance company says a vehicle is not insured under an existing policy when an accident happens, that does not necessarily mean that is the case.

The lawyers at McLeish Orlando have extensive experience obtaining Statutory Accident Benefits for clients and litigating those claims.  J.J. v Jevco Insurance is yet another example of a successful disputed denial where an insurer tried to withhold benefits based on what it said was a lack of coverage.  On October 7, 2020, the Licence Appeal Tribunal dismissed Jevco’s application for a reconsideration of Vice-Chair Flude’s decision.  Jevco has since filed a notice of appeal to the Divisional Court.  Stay tuned for what happens next!

McLeish Orlando Attended the 2020 Toronto Motorcycle Show

This past weekend, personal injury lawyers and staff from McLeish Orlando attended the 2020 Toronto Motorcycle Show. The show was well attended by eager riders looking forward to getting their bikes out for the season.

Similar to the 2019 Toronto Spring Motorcycle Show, that we attended in April 2019, we had the chance to speak to riders about the importance of understanding their insurance policies and the need for optional benefits. Many of the riders we spoke to still did not know about the 2016 statutory accident benefit changes. These insurance changes impacted how much money people have access to if they are seriously injured in a motorcycle accident. As personal injury lawyers, we know that the standard coverage amounts disappear very quickly when a person is seriously injured. We highly recommend that you call you insurance broker and purchase optional coverage.

While at the show we ran a giveaway for a $500 prepaid Visa to help riders FUEL UP for their next ride!  We invited people to subscribe to our quarterly motorcycle-focused e-newsletter! Please if you would like to receive the newsletter. We also invited attendees to sit down with our lawyers to ask any legal questions that they might have. Our lawyers and staff enjoyed the opportunity to speak to passionate riders!

Click here for a photo album from the event.

All of us at McLeish Orlando wish everyone a safe, warm, and long 2020 riding season! We look forward to seeing you all at the next show.

If you or a loved one is injured in a motorcycle accident, contact one of the personal injury lawyers at McLeish Orlando LLP for a free consultation.

Toronto Motorcycle Show

From February 21, 2020 – February 23, 2020, personal injury lawyers and staff from McLeish Orlando will be attending the Toronto Motorcycle Show at the Enercare Centre at the Exhibition Place.

The Toronto Motorcycle Show is the biggest manufacturers show in Ontario, with a wide-ranging and exciting line-up of exhibitors. Find everything you need for the upcoming motorcycle season, including bikes, parts, gear, accessories and more! Make sure to talk to our team of professionals about knowing the importance of understanding your insurance policies and the need for optional benefits. Come visit our booth (#643/645) to talk to our team, pick up your swag, and participate in other fun booth activities. We look forward to seeing you there!

Mark your calendars now and click here to get your tickets online.

For visitor information, click here.


Motorcycle deaths in Ontario could reach seven-year high

Patrick Brown Personal Injury LawyerThe OPP said as of August 18, 2014, 26 people – 25 motorcyclists and one passenger- had died in crashes within the force’s jurisdiction.  That compares with 29 motorcycle deaths in all of last year, and 26 the year before.

In an interview with AdvocateDaily.com, Toronto personal injury lawyer, Patrick Brown says motorists must use extra precaution when it comes to sharing the road with motorcyclists.

Read the full article on AdvocateDaily.com.